Effect of Early Mobilization and Bed Positioning on Mobility among Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury

  • Maria Siddique Department of Physical Therapy, Rashid Latif Khan University, Lahore
  • Nazeer Mehrvi Department of Physical Therapy, Rashid Latif Khan University, Lahore
  • Rehana Niazi Department of Physical Therapy, Rashid Latif Khan University, Lahore
  • Qurat-ul-Ain Department of Physical Therapy, Islamabad Medical and Dental College, Islamabad
  • Mauzzen Nasir Department of Physical Therapy, Rashid Latif Khan University, Lahore
Keywords: Bed positioning, Mobility, Traumatic brain injury

Abstract

Background: Traumatic brain injury is defined as the disturbance in the function of the brain , or  indication of pathology of brain,  by the application of  an exterior bodily force. Early mobilization exercises are explained as physiotherapy exercises of altering degree that are clinically safe and accurate developmentally started within 2 to 3 days of admission in neurological ICU. This early mobilization exercises helps in improving TBI patients recovery.

Objective: The purpose of this study is to validate and evaluate the effect of early mobilization and bed positioning on mobility among patients with traumatic brain injury.

Methods: This quasi-experimental study included 28 TBI patients. This study was conducted at general hospital, Lahore, and Jinnah hospital Lahore. Early mobilization and bed positioning therapies protocol were performed for 6 weeks. There were three sessions per week. Each session was 30 minutes. Mobilization scale and Norton scale were used as evaluation parameters before and after 6 weeks.

Results: The data’s regularity was assessed by the Shapiro-Wilks test. Following statistical analysis, the regimen for early mobilization and bed positioning therapy’s efficacy for all examined variables was confirmed. The scores on early mobilization and Norton scales differ significantly.

Conclusion: The results suggested that early mobilization and bed positioning therapies has improved mobility in TBI patients. This therapy protocol has also improved the TBI patients’ quality of life.

Keywords: Bed positioning, Mobility and Traumatic brain injury.

Published
2024-07-07
Section
Original Articles