The Journey from Basic to Clinical Pharmacology

  • Sarwat Jahan Northwest School of Medicine
  • Salman Zahir Northwest General Hospital and Research Centre
  • Manzoor Khan Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar
  • Khansa Khan Northwest School of Medicine
  • Mashal Asad Northwest School of Medicine
  • Ahmed Hassan Khan Khyber Girls Medical College, Peshawar
Keywords: Basic Pharmacology, Clinical Pharmacology, Therapeutics, Pre-Clinical Trails, Clinical Trails



The subjects of basic pharmacology and clinical pharmacology originate from same concepts but have a clear demarcation yet are so inter-linked and netted together that it is very critical and technical to identify and differentiate one from the other. This write-up is basically aimed to discuss and analyze the demarcations and similarities between basic and clinical pharmacology.


Total 10 pharmacologists, pharmacists and medical specialists were recruited to conduct the survey from 1st December 2022 to 15th April 2023 in Northwest School of Medicine. Information was collected via literature search online, consulting Pharmacology books, libraries and discussions with subject experts.


The basic pharmacology focuses on the study of the effects of substances on the body following experimental data that is collected via animal studies which defines the basic parameters and helps in derivation of the main foundational principles of the subject. Clinical pharmacology although follows the same basic principles and concepts but is the study of these principles in the human subjects rather than the animal studies. These studies are subjects however the two are inter-connected in many ways and the concepts go to and fro from one t the other.


The basic pharmacology is limited to the animal studies while the clinical pharmacology shelters human clinical trials and the policies, which come with the human studies and therapeutics.

Short Communication