Vaccination Status Against the Hepatitis B Virus of the Patients Visiting a Tertiary Care Dental Hospital

  • Muhammad Shoaib Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Multan Medical and Dental College, Multan
  • Rizwan Zafar Langrial Department of Periodontology, Bakhtawar Amin Medical and Dental College, Multan
  • Mariam Khalid Mahmood Department of Orthodontics, CIMS Dental College, CMH, Multan
  • Basil Khalid Department of Oral Pathology, Multan Medical and Dental College, Multan
  • Hina Nasim Department of Oral Biology, School of Dentistry, Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Medical University, Islamabad
  • Anoosha Mujtaba Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Medical University, Islamabad
Keywords: Hepatitis B, Vaccination, Dental Hospitals, Communicable Diseases

Abstract

Abstract:

Objective

To assess the vaccination status for Hepatitis B virus among patients attending a tertiary care dental hospital in Multan, aiming to identify gaps and opportunities for improvement in vaccination coverage.

Methods

This cross-sectional questionnaire study conducted at Multan Dental College from June 2023 to Feb 2023 included patients attending the dental OPD. 181 participants completed the questionnaire regarding vaccination status. Ethical approval and informed consent were obtained from Multan Dental Hospital.

Results

Among 181 participants, 98 (54.14%) were males and 83 (45.86%) were females. Regarding age groups, 36 (19.9%) were 16-20 years old, 69 (38.12%) were 21-25 years old, 54 (29.83%) were 26-30 years old, and 22 (12.15%) were 31 years old or above. Out of 181 participants, 51 (28.17%) were non-vaccinated, while 130 (71.83%) were vaccinated. Among the vaccinated, 47 (26%) received the 1st dose, 36 (19.9%) received the 2nd and 3rd doses each, and 11 (6.07%) received the Booster dose. The majority (58.82%) of non-vaccinated individuals cited multiple reasons for not receiving immunization, including vaccine unavailability and busy schedules. Additionally, 9.8% lacked awareness of the vaccination, while others mentioned injection phobia and lack of motivation

Conclusion

The study emphasizes the challenge of incomplete vaccination among patients, which necessitates coordinated efforts by public health officials. Implementing AI-powered reminder systems could effectively address this issue, improving vaccination rates and public health outcomes.

Author Biographies

Muhammad Shoaib , Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Multan Medical and Dental College, Multan

Assistant Professor, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery

 

Rizwan Zafar Langrial , Department of Periodontology, Bakhtawar Amin Medical and Dental College, Multan

Assistant Professor, Department of Periodontology

Mariam Khalid Mahmood , Department of Orthodontics, CIMS Dental College, CMH, Multan

Senior Registrar, Department of Orthodontics

Basil Khalid , Department of Oral Pathology, Multan Medical and Dental College, Multan

Associate Professor, Department of Oral Pathology

Hina Nasim, Department of Oral Biology, School of Dentistry, Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Medical University, Islamabad

 

Assistant Professor

Department of Oral Biology

Anoosha Mujtaba, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Medical University, Islamabad

Senior Registrar, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery

Published
2024-07-07
Section
Original Articles