Effect of Pre-Operative Education on Level of Anxiety in Patients Undergoing Cataract Surgery
Objective: To determine the effects of pre- operative education on the level of anxiety in patients undergoing cataract surgery by comparing the anxiety level among interventional and control group. Study design: Experimental post-test design
Patients and Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted at ophthalmic department of Mayo Hospital Lahore. A total of 100 cataract patients were selected from by purposive non- probability sampling technique and divided into two groups (control & interventional) by dividing the days. Data was analyzed by using Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS).
Result: Out of total 100 patients, 50 were included in control group and 50 were in interventional group. In control group there were 26(52%) male and 24(48%) females and in interventional group 25(50%) were male and 25(50%) were females. Among controls, there was no patient with normal score of anxiety level, 8 (16%) patients were with mild score, 38(76%) patients were with moderate score and 4(8%) patients were with severe score. In interventional group, there were 38(76%) patients with normal score, 11(22%) patients were with mild score, only 1(2%) patient was with moderate score and no patient was with severe score.
Conclusion: A good relationship was found between preoperative education and reduction of anxiety level in patients undergoing cataract surgery.
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