Frequency of Benign and Malignant Ovarian Lesions: A Histopathological Analysis
Objective: To find the frequency of ovarian lesions in various ages at Pathology Department, ANMC Islamabad Material and Methods: This Cross sectional study was conducted in department of Pathology ANMC Islamabad from 1stJanuary 2015 to 30th June 2016. About 178 cases of ovarian lesions were included in the study. The samples were processed as per recommended steps for histopathological diagnosis. Data was recorded and analyzed by using SPSS version 20. Frequencies for specific diseases were calculated in terms of percentages. Mean and standard deviation were calculated for numerical values. Results: Among 178 ovarian specimens, commonest pathology was non-neoplastic cysts in 78 cases (43.8 %) followed by benign tumors in 74 cases(41.6 %) and malignant tumors in 26 cases (14.6 %). The common lesions were endometriotic cysts 21.3 %, serous cystadenoma 17.4 %, benign cystic teratoma 14 %, follicular cyst 12.3 %, hemorrhagic cysts 10.1% and mucinous cystadenoma 7.3 %. Common malignant tumors were serous cystadenocarcinoma 6.7%, mucinous cystadenocarcinoma 2.8% and endometroid carcinoma 1.7% . Conclusion: Non neoplastic cysts were the most common ovarian lesions (43.8%). This was followed by benign (41/6%) and malignant tumors (14.6%) cases. Surface epithelial tumors were more common than other tumors.
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