The changing Role of a Teacher: A Paradigm Shift

  • Rehmah Sarfraz Head, Department of Medical Education, Islamabad Medical and Dental College, Islamabad
Keywords: curriculum


Recent advances and refinements are continuously changing the face of medical education with the paradigm shift in the role of teacher. The use of information technology and research has opened a big window through which the teaching and learning can be modified. The shifting of onus of learning from teachers to students and replacement of compartmentalized and discipline-based curriculum by integrated one require change in curriculum content, design and delivery. As Albert Einstein once said “the measure of intelligence is the ability to change”; the changes in the field of medical education can be implemented in true spirit only if the teachers adapt to change.

The fact cannot be denied that the successful implementation of curriculum depends upon the quality of teaching. Nowadays teacher centered learning is being replaced by student centered approach with focus on student collaboration and team work instead of creating competitive environment for individual student. Small group discussions, simulation and e-learning along with community-based learning has been added to lectures and bed-side teaching. Early exposure to clinical sciences has provided relevance to the basic sciences curriculum. The skills and attitudes have gained importance in assessment with more focus on evidence-based practice. These global changes in the world of medical education led to the changing role of a teacher. Ronald Harden, a renowned Medical Educationist summarized the qualities of a good teacher in following formula encompassing the three main areas: