Prevalence of Hepatitis B Among Pregnant Women
Objective: To study the prevalence of hepatitis B virus infection among pregnant women.
Subjects and Methods: A hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted among pregnant women who attended antenatal care clinic for routine pregnancy check-up from July 2016 to February 2017. Sample size was calculated by using WHO sample size calculator and 900 pregnant women were enrolled in the study. Data were collected by face to face interview using a questionnaire. Serum was withdrawn from each study subject and tested for Hepatitis B Surface Antigen (HBsAg) by an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test kit. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20.
Results: The prevalence of HBV infection among pregnant women attending Benazir Bhutto Hospital, Rawalpindi, was found to be 2.78%.
Conclusion: This study determined that the prevalence of HBV infection among pregnant women in Rawalpindi was 2.78%, implying that it is intermediate endemic area.
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