Vitamin D Deficiency in Patients with Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy

  • Hameedullah Khan Assistant professor, Neuro surgery Department of Indus Medical College Tando Muhammad khan
  • Ihsanullah Rajar Senior Registrar, Department of Medicine, LUMHS, Nawabshah
  • Abdul Rauf Memon Senior Registrar, Department of Neurosurgery, LUMHS, Nawabshah
  • Nadeem Naeem Fellow, Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Baqai Institute of Diabetology and Endocrinology Karachi
Keywords: Peripheral neuropathy

Abstract

Objective: To determine the frequency of vitamin D deficiency in patients presenting with diabetic peripheral neuropathy
Patients and Methods: This cross sectional study was carried out in Department of Medicine and Neurology Indus Medical College, Tando Muhammad khan. from March 2017 to August 2017. Total 74 cases of Diabetes Mellitus presenting with peripheral diabetic neuropathy were selected for the study. Evolution of degree of Neuropathy was based on TCSS score as: {no neuropathy: ≤5, severe: ≥12, moderate: 9-11 and mild: 6-8}. Vitamin D level was categorized as (deficiency (0-20 ng/ml), insufficiency (21-30 ng/ml) sufficiency (>30 ng/ml), excess (>50 ng/ml) and toxicity (>100 ng/ml). All the data was entered in SPSS.
Results: Total 74 patients with diabetic neuropathy were studied. Vast majority of patients 36(48.6%) were found in age group 51-60 years, Majority were males 45(60.8%). Most of the cases 35(47.3%) were with 1-3 years duration of neuropathy. Majority of patients 42(56.8%) were found with Mild peripheral neuropathy. Vitamin-D deficiency was present in 2(43.2%) cases and insufficiency was observed in 27(36.5%) cases. No significant association was found between vitamin D deficiency and severity of neuropathy.
Conclusion: Vitamin D deficiency was found (43.2%) in patients of diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Vitamin screening and intake of supplement is necessary, will help to decrease the complication of peripheral neuropathy in Diabetic cases. Key words: Diabetes, Peripheral neuropathy, Vitamin D

Published
2019-01-02
Section
Original Articles