Audiometric Characteristics of Presbycusis: A Hospital-Based Study

Keywords: Audiogram, Aging, Hearing loss, Presbycusis.


Background: Presbycusis is related to degenerative changes of aging resulting from deficient cochlear microcirculation. It is characterized by bilateral, symmetrical, sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in which recruitment and speech discrimination is affected in the absence of noise exposure. The objective of this study was to analyze the pure tone audiogram characteristics in Presbycusis.

Methods: This descriptive study recruited n=192 cases of presbycusis of both genders, aged 50 to 80 years with convenience sampling technique. The study was conducted at Yusra General Hospital and the National Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, Islamabad from1st July 2017 to 30th September 2017. Pure tone audiometry was used to collect audiometric data. SPSS-24 was used for data analysis. Chi-square and Pearson’s correlation were used to determine association between variables with p < 0.05 taken as significant.

Results: Pure tone audiometry revealed 58 (30.2%) right and 65 (33.9%) left ears with high frequency gently sloping audiogram, while the second commonest configuration being high frequency steeply sloping curve in 51(26.6%) right and 52(27.1%) left ears. There was a significant correlation between the configuration of the audiogram and age with p=0.000, while no significant correlation with gender (p=0.71). The majority,77 (40.10%) right and 71(36.98%) of left ears had moderately severe hearing loss, while severe hearing loss was second commonest with 60(31.25%) right and 70(36.46%) left ears affected. The severity of hearing loss had a significant (P=0.000) positive correlation with age but no significant relationship with gender.

Conclusion:  High frequency gently sloping audiogram was the commonest configuration followed by high frequency steeply sloping curve. Moderately severe hearing loss was most commonly seen followed by severe hearing loss.

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