Association of Portal Hypertensive Gastropathy with Esophageal Varices among Patients of Viral Cirrhosis

  • Khalid Mahmood Nasir Assistant Professor of Medicine, Medicine unit 1, Jinnah Hospital Lahore 2
Keywords: Esophageal varices, Portal hypertensive gastropathy


Objectives: To find out the prevalence of portal hypertensive gastropathy among patients of viral cirrhosis undergoing endoscopy and to determine its association with esophageal varices in patients of cirrhosis.
Patients and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Medical Unit, Jinnah Hospital Lahore from 3rd September 2016 to 2nd January 2017. A total of 120 patients with liver cirrhosis fulfilling the inclusion criteria were approached and an informed consent was taken before enrolling in the study. All patients underwent upper gastrointestinal tract endoscopy by consultant endoscopist. Data was entered on SPSS Version 17 for further analysis.
Results: Out of 120 patients, 43% were males and 57% were females. The mean age of participants was 39.71+11.6 SD years. Portal hypertensive gastropathy was present in 12.5% patients and esophageal varices in 42.5% patients. HBsAg and anti-HCV was positive in 60.8% and 45.8% patients respectively. Non-significant association was found between portal hypertensive gastropathy and esophageal varices (p-value 0.364).
Conclusion: Emergence of portal hypertensive gastropathy and Esophageal varices was noticed among patients of viral cirrhosis. However non-significant association was found between portal hypertensive gastropathy and esophageal varices.

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