Saliva as a Diagnostic Tool for Detection of Coronavirus: A Review
We aimed in this literature review to demonstrate the association and potential of detecting novel coronavirus in saliva of patients and how its implication in future can aid in diagnosis as a non-invasive diagnostic modality. The specimen can be easily obtained and tested from suspected individuals. Review of available literature in PubMed, Google Scholar, EBSCO, and Semantic Scholar was carried out using keywords and combination of “Coronavirus”, “saliva” and “diagnosis”. Of 1846 articles found, 110 were screened and included in this literature review. Currently, nasopharyngeal swab is the standard diagnostic tool as it has been reported to be accurate and sensitive towards detection of coronavirus. Testing of saliva specimens is now being considered to aid rapid detection, because saliva collection and its testing are relatively simple, cheap, and safe for both patients as well as healthcare professionals. Further research on this will be beneficial to control and contain the virus.
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