Factors Associated with Nurses’ Attitude towards Patient Safety Culture in an International Accredited Tertiary Care Hospital, Islamabad

  • Raisa Kausar
  • Kholood Janjua
  • Mainmoona Siddique
  • Gideon Victor Shifa Tameer-e-Millat University
Keywords: Attitude, Nurse, Patient safety, Practice


Background: Patient safety has emerged as a prime agenda over the past few decades to deliver safe care in increasingly complex service delivery. This study was set out to measure the factors associated with the safety attitudes of nurses.

Methodology: This descriptive cross-sectional research was conducted from May 2017 to June 2018 in Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad. Nurses were invited to participate in the study. The safety attitude questionnaire was used for data collection. Data were analyzed using SPSS v23.0.

Results: The response rate was 86%. Job satisfaction was high at 78.37±23.63 while stress recognition was low at 53.18±27.68. Nurses liked their job being a nurse 79.92±28.01 and workplace conditions 80.33±26.44. Whereas, hostile situations 48.92±34.95, the negative effect of fatigue 48.50±35.32, being held back to report patient problems 47.58±34.76 and discuss errors 45.42±34.79 were also highlighted. Safety attitudes were statistically significant high among intensive care nurses (P-Value < 0.05). Safety scores of nurses with longer job duration were high than those with lesser job duration. Teamwork was favorably correlated with safety climate, job satisfaction, perception of management, and working conditions (R > .466, P-Value < .01).

Conclusion: There was a positive attitude of nurses toward patients’ safety with some areas of improvement.

Keywords: Attitude, Nurse, Patient safety, Practice

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