Association of Diabetes with Various Risk Factors
Objective: To investigate the association of possible risk factors with Diabetes Mellitus in Population of Rawalpindi. Patients & Methods: This case control study was conducted in Rawalpindi. A total of 99 cases of diabetes from OPD and 101 healthy controls from blood banks were included in the study. Self-developed closed ended questionnaires were used for data collection. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 16. Results: A total of 200 respondents (cases and controls) were selected for this study. Results were interpreted in the form of odds ratio (OR) and p-value. A p-value < 0.05 was considered significant. OR for age group (41-50 yrs) was 8.3 indicating that there were 8.3 times more chances of having Diabetes mellitus in this age group as compared to age group of 21-30 years. Males had a 4.4 times higher chances of getting Diabetes Mellitus as compared to females. While OR revealed that there were 12.7 times more chance of getting Diabetes Mellitus with positive family history as compared to negative family history. Conclusion: Main risk factors identified in this study were age group 41-50 years, male gender and positive family history of Diabetes Mellitus.
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