Leiomyoma of the Trachea: A Rare Tracheal Tumor

  • Iftekhar Ahmed Dow University of Health Sciences
  • Niaz Hussain Soomro Dow University of Health Sciences
  • Muhammad Ashhal Iftekhar Dow International Medical College
  • Sana Siddiqui Dow University of Health Sciences
Keywords: Tracheal Tumor, Leiomyoma, Tracheal Mass, Case Report


This is a case of a rare tracheal tumor, in a 45year old male farmer who presented with recurrent dyspnea for four years, initially misdiagnosed as asthma. The patient experienced worsening symptoms, including cough, hemoptysis, weight loss, and respiratory failure. Imaging and bronchoscopy revealed a tracheal mass, later identified as leiomyoma. The patient underwent tumor resection via rigid bronchoscopy, resulting in successful removal and tracheal recanalization. Postoperatively, the patient showed improvement, and follow-up examinations confirmed resolution of symptoms and absence of tumors, such as leiomyoma, are rare, often causing airway obstructions. Treatment approaches vary, including surgical resection and endoscopic techniques. In the case of wide-based tumors, surgical intervention is recommended to reduce recurrence risks. Anesthesia management is crucial due to potential airway compromise during the procedure. Although recurrence rates for leiomyoma are unknown, incomplete bronchoscopic resection has been associated with reoccurrence, necessitating surgery and carinal reconstruction.

Case Reports