Comparison of Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Survivors with Lymphoma Survivors
Objectives: To compare the Quality of Life of Breast Cancer Survivors and Lymphoma Survivors post treatment.
Methodology: A cross sectional study was performed in the departments of General Surgery and Oncology at Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences Islamabad from 1st June to 31st December 2019. Patients who had received treatment for breast cancer and Lymphoma were included using non probability consecutive sampling technique. A standardized questionnaire (QOL-CSV) to assess quality of life in cancer survivors was filled in by the researchers after interviewing the patients and their responses were recorded with the demographic and clinical characteristics of each patient. The data was entered in SPSS version 20 and co-relations were obtained.
Results: A total number of 50 lymphoma survivors (LS) and 166 breast cancer survivors (BCS) participated. Physical parameters revealed a better mean score of 75.86 ±10.53 for LS group than for BCS group (63.45 ±9.64). Psychological well being score was similar with a mean of 42.18 ±8.06 for LS and 43.04 ±7.04 for BCS group. Distress was dealt better by LS than BCS (50% scoring 41-50 in LS versus 46.6% scoring 31-40 in BCS). Fear of recurrence and spread was higher amongst BCS group (≤10 score in 46.4% participants). LS group performed worse in social factors (mean value of 26.88 ±6.67). Spiritual well being was markedly better in BCS (mean value 47.15 ±6.27).
Conclusion: Considerable negative impact on physical, psychological and social well being of carcinoma survivors is noted, especially after mastectomy.
Key words: Carcinoma, Lymphoma, Breast cancer
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