Psychological impact of COVID-19 pandemic on mental health of general population of Pakistan

  • Muhammad Afzal Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Medical Univeristy, Islamabad.
  • Dr. Hameed Mumtaz Durrani Shifa College of Medicine, Islamabad
  • Dr. Muhammad Imran Sohail Islamabad Medical and Dental College Bahra Kahu, Islamabad.

Abstract

Objective: To ascertain the psychological impact of COVID-19 pandemic on mental health of general population of Pakistan.

Study design: Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study.

Place and Duration of study: The participants in the study were selected from community population of Islamabad in a period of two months from 15th May to 15 July 2020.

Patients and Methods: A total of 278 participants were selected for this study. All the participants were given structured questionnaire consisting on demographic information HADS scoring system to calculate depression and anxiety. HADS consists of 14 questions, each of which is scored 0–3. The possible scores for depression and anxiety ranged 0-21. Higher scores indicate increased severity of anxiety or depression. A cut off value of 8 or more was used to identify the anxiety and depression. 

Results: The mean age was 33.42 ± 9.67 years and 148 (53.2%) were males. Among these participants 238 (85.6%) were resident of urban area, and 167 (60.1%) were married. Most of the participants were graduate 102 (36.7%). Thirty-six (12.9%) participants had a known patient of Covid-19 in their family or friends. Most of the participants 196 (70.5%) had no any comorbid disease. The mean anxiety score was noted to be 6.47 ± 5.51 and mean depression score was 6.65 ± 4.17. History of any comorbid disease showed a highly significant (p-value < 0.01) association with anxiety and depression score.

Conclusion: To minimize the effect of Covid-19 pandemic on mental health of general population attention should be given to vulnerable groups like males, middle age adults, less educated and unemployed persons especially the people with chronic comorbid disease.

Keywords: Covid-19, Mental health, General population, Anxiety, Depression

Author Biographies

Dr. Hameed Mumtaz Durrani, Shifa College of Medicine, Islamabad

Assistant Professor, Community Medicine

Dr. Muhammad Imran Sohail, Islamabad Medical and Dental College Bahra Kahu, Islamabad.

Assistant Professor, Community Medicine

Published
2020-12-31
Section
Original Articles