Pattern of Adenoviral Conjunctivitis Reported to Tertiary Care Hospitals During Epidemic in Pakistan

  • Afia Matloob Rana HBS Medical and Dental College, Islamabad
  • Erum Yousafzai Rawal Institute of Health Sciences, Islamabad
  • Waseem Akhter Rawal Institute of Health Sciences, Islamabad
  • Saira Bano Holy Family Hospital, Rawalpindi
Keywords: Adenovirus, Conjunctivitis, Epidemic, Viral Conjunctivitis


Purpose: To determine clinical pattern of “adenoviral conjunctivitis” during its epidemic in Pakistan.

Patients and Methods: 370 patients (550eyes) diagnosed with “adenoviral conjunctivitis” were included in this descriptive study. Diagnosis was made by the combination of characteristic clinical features and a positive conjunctival swab PCR for “adenovirus”. Clinical pattern of “adenoviral conjunctivitis” was determined by documenting various patient characteristics. Data were analyzed using SPSS 22.

Results: Median age of the study participants was 28.50 (1.00 – 67.00) years. 195 (52.70%) were males and 175 (47.30%) were females. 190 (51.35%) patients had unilateral ocular involvement, while 180 (48.65%) patients had bilateral ocular involvement. Median number of family members of patients that were infected simultaneously was 1 (0-5). Frequency of patients with “adenoviral conjunctivitis” who had concomitant corneal involvement was 30 (8.1%)

Conclusion: Epidemic of “adenoviral conjunctivitis” in Pakistan, fortunately, exhibits a milder and benign clinical pattern with higher prevalence in males and mostly involving single eye. In addition, only 8.1% patients have concomitant corneal involvement.

Author Biographies

Erum Yousafzai, Rawal Institute of Health Sciences, Islamabad

Assistant professor ...1st author

Waseem Akhter, Rawal Institute of Health Sciences, Islamabad

Professor of Ophthalmology

3rd author

contribution......critical review and final editing

Original Articles